All surgeries cause traumatic injury to tissue. The body is exposed to anesthesia, experiences an interruption in blood supply and possibly has drops in blood pressure. All of this is in addition to the actual surgical trauma. Many operations are further complicated by the placement of a tourniquet on extremities to minimize bleeding. When the blood flow is returned to the tissue that was deprived of oxygen by the tourniquet, this causes a reperfusion injury. Which is characterized by inflammation and oxidative stress to the tissue. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy before or soon after surgery can minimize surgical injury, complications and speed healing.
Healing requires certain levels of oxygen in the tissues and cells. Many illnesses and injuries fail to heal because of inadequate oxygen levels. Inflammation, swelling, and reduced blood flow inhibit healing. Under normal circumstances, oxygen is transported through the body by red blood cells. If blood is not reaching the damaged area, oxygen is not being delivered. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy causes oxygen to be dissolved into all of the body's fluids, plasma, central nervous system fluids, lymph and bone and can be carried to areas where circulation is diminished or blocked. Extra oxygen can reach all of the damaged tissues and to body can support its own healing process. Increased oxygen also greatly enhances the ability of white blood cells to kill bacteria, reduces swelling and allows new blood vessels to grow more rapidly.
Traumatic brain injury is characterized by altered or loss of consciousness with varying severities of injury (mild, moderate, or severe) that are proportional to the force of injury and cause anywhere from temporary neurologic dysfunction to death. Up to 55% of all mild TBI patients (concussion) develop the persistent post-concussion syndrome characterized by cognitive symptoms, headache, irritability, sleep disruption, fatigue, dizziness, depression, anxiety, apathy and cage in personality. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy immediately after injury speeds the healing process.